Grey Iron CNC Machining Parts
Grey cast iron, which is widely used to produce custom castings by green sand casting, shell mold casting or or other dry sand casting processes, have a confortable hardness for CNC machining. Gray iron, or grey cast iron, is a type of cast iron that has a graphite microstructure. It is named after the gray color of the fracture it forms. The gray cast iron is used for housings where the stiffness of the component is more important than its tensile strength, such as internal combustion engine cylinder blocks, pump housings, valve bodies, electrical boxes, counter weights and decorative castings. Grey cast iron's high thermal conductivity and specific head capacity are often exploited to make cast iron cookware and disc brake rotors. A typical chemical composition to obtain a graphitic microstructure is 2.5 to 4.0% carbon and 1 to 3% silicon by weight. Graphite may occupy 6 to 10% of the volume of grey iron. Silicon is important to making grey iron as opposed to white cast iron, because silicon is a graphite stabilizing element in cast iron, which means it helps the alloy produce graphite instead of iron carbides; at 3% silicon almost no carbon is held in chemical combination with the iron. The graphite takes on the shape of a three-dimensional flake. In two dimensions, as a polished surface will appear under a microscope, the graphite flakes appear as fine lines. Grey iron also has very good damping capacity and hence it is mostly used as the base for machine tool mountings.