Duplex Stainless Steel Castings
Duplex Stainless Steel (DSS) refers to stainless steel with ferrite and austenite each accounting for about 50%. Generally, the content of less phases needs to be at least 30%. In the case of low C content, the Cr content is 18% to 28%, and the Ni content is 3% to 10%. Some duplex stainless steels also contain alloying elements such as Mo, Cu, Nb, Ti, and N. The DSS has the characteristics of austenitic and ferritic stainless steel. Compared with ferrite, it has higher plasticity and ductility, no room temperature brittleness, and significantly improved intergranular corrosion resistance and welding performance, while still maintaining brittleness, high thermal conductivity, and superplasticity as ferrite stainless steel. Compared with austenitic stainless steel, DSS has high strength and significantly improved resistance to intergranular corrosion and chloride stress corrosion. Duplex stainless steel has excellent pitting corrosion resistance and is also a nickel-saving stainless steel.