Sand casting is a tranditional but also modern casting process. It uses green sand (moist sand) or dry sand to form the molding systems. The green sand casting is the oldest casting process used in history. When making the mold, the patterns made of wood or metal should be produced in order to form the hollow cavity. The molten metal then pour into the cavity to form the castings after cooling and solidification. Sand casting is less expensive than other casting processes both for mold development and unit casting part. The sand casting, always mean the green sand casting (if no special description). However, nowadays, the other casting processes are also use the sand to make the mold. They have their own names, such as shell mold casting, furan resin coated sand casting (no bake type), lost foam casting and vacuum casting.